It is a form of winter hiking. It consists of up and down mountains or mountain hiking with snow. Normally is done along routes not marked, except in competitions.
The characteristics of snow and terrain make very important to have a good technique and extreme security measures. The skier must withstand low temperatures, manage with orientation in fog and overcome exhaustion. Mountain skiing requires a certain level of fitness and technique.
In ski mountaineering to advance on a pitch with cracks should form a safety rope perpendicular to the crack progresses. The path opens by the first skier must be followed always. To advance with security a previous study of the map is necessary, you need to check the places and in case of doubts be careful.